Today Google celebrates Gregor Mendel’s birthday!
Gregor Johann Mendel (July 20, 1822 – January 6, 1884) was an Austrian Augustinian friar and scientist, who gained posthumous fame as the founder of the new science of genetics for his study of the inheritance of certain traits in pea plants. Mendel conducted his research in his monastery’s two hectare experimental garden and studied the variations in his pea plants. Between 1856 and 1863 he cultivated and tested some 29,000 pea plants and showed that one in four pea plants had purebred recessive alleles, two out of four were hybrid and one out of four were purebred dominant. Mendel demonstrated that the inheritance of traits follows particular laws. His experiments led him to make two generalizations, the Law of Segregation and the Law of Independent Assortment, which later became known as Mendel’s Laws of Inheritance. The significance of Mendel’s work was not recognized until after his death and the turn of the 20th century. The independent rediscovery of these laws formed the foundation of the modern science of genetics.
Happy Birthday Gregor!